哥里门街3号

Coleman n Padang rs

带有英国印度殖民时代色彩的建筑群风景线,取代莱佛士时代的亚峇屋村落,成为海峡殖民地时代的代表符号。

  哥里门设计的多栋欧洲新古典风格建筑,改变了城市面貌,这些带有英国印度殖民时代色彩的建筑群风景线,取代莱佛士时代的亚答屋村落,成为海峡殖民地时代的代表符号。哥里门的接班人工程师汤申(J.T.Thomson)1851年的油画作品(右图),记录了哥里门所留下的时代印记。

  哥里门街(Coleman Street)是以在这条街上门牌3号的一栋平房主人的名字命名;位于水仙门的哥里门街,俗称酒店街,也是因为门牌3号后来转为酒店用途前后长达100多年。

  佐治•德顾拉•哥里门(George Drumgoole Coleman,1795-1844)是一名出生于爱尔兰的专业建筑师,是早期参与建设新加坡的先驱人物。19岁时他离开家乡,先后在加尔各答和巴达维亚(今称雅加达)执业,1822年他应莱佛士之邀为新加坡城市规划提供咨询。

真正落实城市建设计划

  新加坡在1826年海峡殖民地成立后进入开发建设期,哥里门到新加坡来,为商人盖私宅,替政府测量土地,1833年担任工部局执行官,建设道路,开辟水沟等公共设施,真正落实城市建设计划。

  开埠初年,因英荷关系紧张,前景不明朗,盖的房子都是亚答木屋,哥里门在1826到1841年的15年间,交出亮丽成绩单,他设计的多栋欧洲新古典风格建筑,改变了城市面貌。

  在水仙门与大草场周围就有(1)建于山上的莱佛士的砖屋;(2)商人麦士威的平房,后改修为国会大厦,今天的艺术中心;(3)旧圣安德烈教堂(原建筑已拆除);(4)亚美尼亚教堂。其他地段还有已拆除的旧莱佛士书院,现在是赞美广场一部分的前法庭书记住宅,以及前福康宁山基督教坟场的山门等。其中好几栋今天已成为受保护的国家古迹。

  哥里门街3号是哥里门的住宅(5),建于1829年,街对面的平房(6)则住着他欧亚裔的情妇和女儿,后来一度是陈金钟的住宅;哥里门街1和2号(7)则是后来他跟来自爱尔兰的年轻太太的新住家,不幸的是在他们的儿子出生后没几个月,49岁的哥里门就在此辞世。

Coleman St No. 3 rs

  哥里门街3号自1841年起改作酒店用途,一直是水仙门地区的地标,这房子曾是伦敦旅店,亚达菲酒店(后来搬到同街1号地址),伯斯大酒店(Hotel de la Paix)与巴林顿酒店(Burlington Hotel)。到了上世纪60年代末,这座百年老房子显露历尽沧桑之态,于1965年拆除让位给今天的半岛酒店与购物中心。

(吴庆辉, 联合晚报 10-9-2014)

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