今天，我就说说我在六月份的 Basil Magazine 写的一篇关于以 En Papillote 烹煮方法, 做一道好吃有营养意大利面。 传统的 En Papillote 用烘烤纸把食物包起来，后放入烤箱烤煮/烤熟。我用相同的道理把蔬菜包起来清蒸。一来，蔬菜不在烈火中烹煮，营养不会轻易流失； 二来，水分也被保留。
The Magic of Parchment-Cooking (En Papillote) – by HL Tay
The popular technique of “En Papillote” that means “in parchment” in French, refers to a method of cooking in which the food is “sealed” in a carefully folded parcel or pouch, and then baked in the oven.
A sealed parcel of food
There is something alluring about parchment-cooking. The parcel that seals and holds in moisture (moisture may be from the food itself or from added moisture sources such as water, wine, or stock), that gently steams the food; and food not being directly exposed to heat within the sealed parcel. With such delicate form of cooking, the food almost always turns out perfect. Being considered a delicate form of cooking, en papillote is perhaps suited to cook fish (salmon, trout, snapper, cod fish to name a few); and whether whole or fillet, the cooked fish turns out so succulent and moist.
The good news is: parchment-cooking can be adapted to steaming – working in beautifully as an alternative to baking; and you don’t even have to think of what oven temperature to set. Simply set your steamer to work, watch the time and let magic happens.
Now, the better news: parchment-steaming is also absolutely perfect for cooking (steaming) vegetables. From leafy greens to tender bell peppers, peas, to firmer squash (e.g. zucchini, pumpkin) and root vegetables (e.g. sweet potatoes) – the vegetables turn out tender, not overdone/overcooked; flavors light, fresh and refreshing.
Customize your veggie packet
With parchment-cooking, seasonings are often also kept minimal to preserve the delicate in cooking. The choice of herbs and spices (garlic, ginger, shallots, parsley, cilantro, basil, thyme, red chili flakes, turmeric power, extra virgin olive oil etc.) depend on the particular recipe. If you are not a vegetarian, a complete entrée of salmon en papillote with thin asparagus spears and carrots ribbons can be prepared within minutes; and if you are a vegetarian, be delighted how you can easily create your own veggie packet that makes a worthy meal.
With firmer vegetables: (1) Thinly slice (julienne) bell peppers and zucchini, place them on the parchment paper; (2) Add thinly sliced garlic and finely chopped fresh cilantro or parsley over the veggies; (3) Drizzle extra virgin olive oil; (4) Toss them gently to combine; (5) Fold and seal the packet; (6) Steam for about 8 minutes; (7) Allow it to rest for 1 minute before unwrapping; (8) Pinch of sea salt and pepper to taste for your own preference
You have already heard the better news. So, will it be even better if a meal of Pasta Aglio e Olio (with a bonus of healthy nutritious vegetables) can be prepared in less than 15 minutes?
Before folding and sealing the packet (before step #5 above), add 2 to 3 tablespoons of water to the packet, sprinkle some red chili flakes over the veggies, then seal and steam the packet, as described above. When the veggies are cooked, toss them into cooked pasta (Note: Angel hair is suggested because the thin strands carry the light garlic-olive oil dressing really well), and voila! A healthful veggie version of pasta Aglio e Olio! And this was prepared and cooked without the use of a pan, or more strictly, without frying/sautéing in a pan.
Veggies Pasta Aglio e Oilo
You can also use leafy greens: (1) Prepare handfuls of organic baby arugula on the parchment paper; (2) Add thinly sliced garlic over the arugula with drizzle of extra virgin olive oil; (3) Fold and seal the packet; (4) Steam for about 3 minutes; and serve them alongside gently poached/steamed fish, or jazz up a typically “veggie-less” Pasta Vongole.
Fuss-free, healthy, nutritious and delicious – what’s not to love?
Note: The complete article first appeared in Basil Magazine, June 2011 Issue